IntroductionMenstruation is a normal and healthy part of a female’s life. Menstruation, commonly called a period, occurs each month in a fairly regular cycle. During this time, the uterine lining sheds. A period usually lasts from five to seven days. Common symptoms include bloating, cramps, headaches, and mood swings. Symptoms can differ from person to person and from month to month.
Am I at RiskMenstruation is a natural and normal part of the female menstrual cycle. Girls typically get their first periods at about age 12 or 13, but it may occur a few years earlier or later than that. Menstruation normally occurs each month until a woman reaches menopause, which usually takes place in her late 40s or early 50s. Menstruation subsides during pregnancy.
Endometriosis is an abnormal overgrowth of the endometrial tissue in the uterus. Symptoms of endometriosis include pain, heavy periods, and bleeding between periods. Endometriosis may be treated with hormone medications and surgery. Untreated endometriosis can become severe and result in infertility. Contact your doctor if you are experiencing abnormal pain, usually heavy periods, or excessive bleeding between periods.
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The iHealthSpot patient education library was written collaboratively by the iHealthSpot editorial team which includes Senior Medical Authors Dr. Mary Car-Blanchard, OTD/OTR/L and Valerie K. Clark, and the following editorial advisors: Steve Meadows, MD, Ernie F. Soto, DDS, Ronald J. Glatzer, MD, Jonathan Rosenberg, MD, Christopher M. Nolte, MD, David Applebaum, MD, Jonathan M. Tarrash, MD, and Paula Soto, RN/BSN. This content complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information. The library commenced development on September 1, 2005 with the latest update/addition on February 16, 2022. For information on iHealthSpot’s other services including medical website design, visit www.iHealthSpot.com.